= mfj;jpah; rd;khh;f;f rq;fk;
Xq;fhuf;Fby;> JiwA+u;.

 


Qhdpah;fs; mUspa nja;tPfkhd ghly;fspd; ,ir tbtq;fs;.

       kuzkpy;yh ngUtho;T ngw;W mUl;ngUQ;N[hjp Mz;ltuhfTk; khNkUthfTk; ,Uf;Fk; Qhdpah;fs;> ek;ghy; fUiz nfhz;L mUspa nja;tPfkhd ghly;fshfpa

1. fe;jh; myq;fhuk;
(kfhd; mUzfphpehjh; mUspaJ)
2. jpUke;jpuk;
(kfhd; jpU%yh; mUspaJ)
3. nja;tkzpkhiy
(kfhd; ,uhkypq;f Rthkpfs; mUspaJ)
4. Nty; tpUj;jk; kapy; tpUj;jk;
(kfhd; mUzfphpehjh; mUspaJ)
5. NfhsW gjpfk;
(kfhd; jpUQhdrk;ge;jh; mUspaJ)
6. ,lh; fisAk; gjpfk;
(kfhd; jpUQhdrk;ge;jh;> kfhd; jpUehTf;furh;>
kfhd; khzpf;fthrfh;> kfhd; Re;juh; mUspaJ)

Kjyhd jpUg;ghly;fSf;F mkuh; T. R. ghg;gh mth;fspd; nja;tPf ,ir mikg;gpy; mkuh; S. rPh;fhop Nfhtpe;juh[d; mth;fs; jkJ ntz;fy Fuypy; ghbAs;shh;. ,e;j ghly;fis Nfl;gth;fSf;F Kd; nra;j ghtq;fs; ePq;FtNjhL kl;Lky;yhky; QhdKk; if$Lk; vd;gJ vq;fs; mDgtk;. gpw;fhyj;jpy; tUfpd;w Md;kPfthjpfSf;F ,e;j ghly;fs; vy;yhk; XU tug;gpurhjk; MFk;.
(,e;j ghly;fis Nfl;gth;fs; gagf;jpAld; Nfl;f Ntz;Lk;. mg;nghOJjhd; ,jd; gaid mila KbAk;.)

       Nkw;fz;l ghly;fis ntspapl;l epWtdj;jhh;fSf;F> Mrhd; Qhdgz;bjd; MrpAk;> kfhd; jpU%yh;> kfhd; mUzfphpehjh;> kfhd; jpUQhdrk;ge;jh;> kfhd; Re;juh; kw;Wk; [PtfhUz;a ts;sy; ,uhkypq;f Rthkpfspd; MrpAk; epue;jukhf ,Uf;f Ntz;Lnkd;W Ntz;bf;nfhs;fpNwhk;. NkYk; vq;fsJ = mfj;jpah; rd;khh;f;f rq;fj;jpd; rhh;ghf ed;wpiaAk; tho;j;ijAk; njhptpj;Jf;nfhs;fpNwhk;.

                       
- FUehjh; gukhde;j rjhrpt rw;FU jtj;jpU nuq;fuh[ Njrpf Rthkpfs;

Qhdpah;fs; mUspa jdpg;ghly;fs;.

1. fhg;ghd fUT+uhh; Nghfehjh;
2. ee;jp mfj;jpah; %yh;
3. mfj;jpa khhp~p ekh
4. mfj;jpaNu ngUk;Ngw;iw
5. jhndd;w nfhLk;ghtk;
6. neQ;rhu epidg;gth;f;F
7. ygpf;f top nrhy;Yfpnwd;

FUehjh; MWKf muq;fkfhNjrpf Rthkpfs; ,aw;wpa Qhdg;ghly;fs;.

1. rpj;jh;fs; Nghw;wpj;njhFg;G
2. Qhdf;Fws; 1
3. Qhdf;Fws; 2
4. kfhd; fQ;rkiy rpj;jh; Gfo; ntz;gh
5. kfhd; fUT+uhh; Gfo; khiy